The act of taking part or sharing in something. “Participation” refers to informed, timely and meaningful input and influence in decisions on general policies, strategies, and plans at various levels and on individual projects that have environmental impacts. See Table 2.2 of Voice and Choice for types of participation.

Partnership For Principle 10

A new initiative developed as an outcome of the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg, South Africa in 2002. The Partnership for Principle 10 provides a way for governments, civil society organizations, and international organizations to work together to implement practical solutions to provide the public with access to information, participation, and justice for environmentally sustainable decisions. See also Appendix 1 of Voice and Choice for a more detailed description of PP10.

Synonyms: PP10
Pollutant Release And Transfer Register (PRTR)

A PRTR is an environmental database or inventory of potentially harmful releases to air, water, and soil as well as wastes transported off site for treatment or disposal.

Principle 10

Part of the Rio Declaration made at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992. Principle 10 embodies the ideals of the Access Initiative and is the foundation of the Aarhus Convention (UNECE) and the Partnership for Principle 10. Principle 10 states: “Environmental issues are best handled with participation of all concerned citizens, at the relevant level. At the national level, each individual shall have appropriate access to information concerning the environment that is held by public authorities, including information on hazardous materials and activities in their communities, and the opportunity to participate in decision-making processes. States shall facilitate and encourage public awareness and participation by making information widely available. Effective access to judicial and administrative proceedings, including redress and remedy, shall be provided”


Refers to the people or any individual, alone, with others, or as one of a community.